History: The American Pit Bull Terrier, Pit Bull for short, originated in the U.S. in the 19th century. The breed began with a cross between terriers and bulldogs. The Pit Bull was developed for companions along with jobs such as cattle catcher, livestock driver, and guarding. Although the breed is infamous for being used in bull- and bear-baiting. When these sports were outlawed, Pit Bulls were then used for dog fighting, which is now deemed inhumane and illegal. They have since become great competitors in sports such as agility, obedience, and weight pulling.
Temperament: The American Pit Bull Terrier is a strong and confident breed. If properly socialized they are typically very good with people and children. Because of the breeds fighting background, it is common for them to have aggression issues with other dogs, especially of the same sex. Proper training and socializing with as many dogs and people as possible is highly recommended. An American Pit Bull Terrier may not be the ideal breed for a first time dog owner. The Pit Bull needs a firm, experienced owner who is willing to put in the work of training, exercising and socializing with the dog.
Health/Grooming: The breed has a short coat that is stiff to the touch. They do not require a lot of grooming, but they are considered an average shedder. You only need to give them an occasional bath when necessary. The American Pit Bull Terrier is more prone to health issues such as allergies, heart disease, hypothyroidism, and hip dysplasia. The most common issue in the breed is allergies from skin irritants or food.