History: The Bullmastiff originated in Great Britain in 1860. They are a cross between the Mastiff and the Bulldog and were bred to catch and hold poachers without hurting them. They were commonly known as the “Gamekeeper’s Night Dog”. Breeders wanted a dog who was fast but not aggressive. They were bred for temperament and utility and the breeders put little thought into the look of the dogs.
Temperament: The Bullmastiff is a bold, reliable, and courageous family guardian. They can be independent but want to please their owners. This dog was bred to be silent, so it is uncommon for them to bark. Bullmastiff can be standoffish with strangers but with proper socialization and training they can be friendly with everyone including children. The may be likely to be aggressive with other dogs they don’t know, especially of the same sex. Getting your Bullmastiff to meet as many dogs as possible from a young age is recommended. They are a low energy breed who does not need long or strenuous exercise. This breed would do best in a home with lots of space because of their large size and a firm and confident owner.
Health/Grooming: The Bullmastiff has a short and dense coat. Their coats are easy to maintain, and they are not heavy shedders. They do not need to be bathed often, only when needed. Bullmastiffs are more prone to health issues such as hip and elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, entropion, cancer subaortic stenosis, and cystinuria. Typically, health problems don’t show until a dog reaches full maturity, so health clearances are not issued until after the dog is two years old.